Diabetes mellitus occurs in four main forms, all of them marked by hyperglycemia. The most common forms are type 1, which results from autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells, and type 2, caused by insulin resistance or an insulin secretory defect. Diabetes of all types increases the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Coexisting diabetes and CVD make for a deadly duo. Not only is CVD the most common complication of diabetes but it’s also the leading cause of mortality from the disease, responsible for an estimated 80% of deaths.
This article discusses CVD risk reduction for patients with diabetes and describes the nurse’s role in helping them manage it.
Key Learning Outcomes
Charlotte A. Wisnewski, PhD, RN, CDE, CNEDr. Wisnewski is an associate professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch School of Nursing in Galveston.
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