Marilyn “Marty” Douglas, PhD, RN, FAAN, is an Associate Clinical Professor (currently Volunteer status) in the School of Nursing at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Dr. Douglas earned her doctorate in International and Cross Cultural Nursing from UCSF, and an MSN in Cardiovascular Nursing from the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. She served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Colómbia, South America in the position of head nurse of intensive care units in both Bogotá and Cáli. These experiences, in addition to her own ethnic background, resulted in a heightened sensitivity to the influence of culture on health care beliefs and practices. With more than 35 years’ experience in cardiovascular critical care nursing, she has focused her research on the cultural variability in the response to pain. She served as president of the Transcultural Nursing Society between 1994 -1996, followed by 15 years as the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Transcultural Nursing. She remains an active member of the American Academy of Nursing, and served as chair of a task force of the Expert Panel on Global Nursing and Health to develop guidelines for culturally competent care.